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SAP Transaction LI14: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction LI14: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction LI14, an important transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize LI14 for managing physical inventory documents in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through LI14 seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we’d like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction LI14.

What is SAP Transaction LI14?

SAP Transaction LI14 (Physical Inventory Document) is a key transaction code used in SAP MM to perform physical inventory count and adjustment operations. It allows users to create, change, and display physical inventory documents, which record the actual stock quantities of materials in a warehouse or storage location. With LI14, you can accurately manage and track your inventory, ensuring data integrity and efficient inventory control.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction LI14

To start using LI14, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Inventory Management.”
  6. Next, choose “Physical Inventory” and click on “Enter Physical Inventory.”

Step 2: Understanding LI14 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed LI14, you will encounter the LI14 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Header Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the physical inventory document, such as document type, counting date, and storage location.
  • Item Overview: Here, you can view and manage the line items of the physical inventory document. Each line item represents a particular material and its associated stock quantities.
  • Document Overview: This tab provides an overview of the entire physical inventory document, including its header and item details.
  • Batch Input: The batch input tab allows you to upload multiple line items from an external file, streamlining the process of creating physical inventory documents.
  • Custom Fields: In this tab, you can find any additional custom fields specific to your organization’s requirements.
  • Status: The status tab shows the current status of the physical inventory document, indicating whether it is saved, posted, or reversed.

Step 3: Creating a Physical Inventory Document with LI14

To create a physical inventory document using LI14, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Header Data” section:

    • Document Type: Select the appropriate document type for the physical inventory document.
    • Counting Date: Enter the date when the physical inventory count is being conducted.
    • Storage Location: Choose the storage location where the physical inventory count is taking place.

  2. Move to the “Item Overview” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Material: Enter the material code or use the search function to find it.
    • Counted Quantity: Specify the actual stock quantity counted during the physical inventory.
    • Batch: If applicable, enter the batch number associated with the material.
    • Storage Bin: Choose the storage bin where the material is located.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to create the physical inventory document.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a physical inventory document using SAP transaction LI14.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction LI14 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your physical inventory processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Display Physical Inventory Documents: Use LI14 to display existing physical inventory documents by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past inventory counts and track the stock quantities of materials.
  • Change Physical Inventory Documents: LI14 also enables you to modify existing physical inventory documents. You can edit fields such as counted quantity, storage bin, or other relevant details. Simply enter the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Count Adjustment: LI14 supports count adjustment, allowing you to adjust the stock quantities based on the actual physical inventory count. This feature helps maintain accurate inventory records and facilitates inventory reconciliation.
  • Batch Input: As mentioned earlier, LI14 allows you to upload multiple line items from an external file using the batch input tab. This feature is particularly useful when dealing with large-scale physical inventory counts.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction LI14 in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of LI14, explained how to create a physical inventory document, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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