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SAP Transaction LI12: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction LI12: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction LI12, a powerful transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize LI12 for managing physical inventory in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced SAP user, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through LI12 seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we would like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction LI12.

What is SAP Transaction LI12?

SAP Transaction LI12 (Enter Inventory Count) is a key transaction code used in SAP MM to perform physical inventory counting. It allows users to enter and update physical inventory counts for materials in their organization. With LI12, you can ensure accurate inventory records and reconcile any discrepancies between the system and actual stock levels.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction LI12

To start using LI12, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Inventory Management.”
  6. Next, choose “Physical Inventory.”
  7. Finally, click on “Enter Inventory Count” to access the LI12 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding LI12 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed LI12, you will encounter the LI12 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Selection Criteria: This section allows you to specify the criteria for selecting materials for physical inventory counting. You can filter materials based on plant, storage location, material group, or other relevant parameters.
  • Inventory Count: Here, you can enter and update the physical inventory count for each selected material. The count can be entered manually or uploaded from an external source.
  • Document Flow: This tab provides an overview of the entire physical inventory document, including its header and item details.
  • Document Status: The document status tab shows the current status of the physical inventory document, indicating whether it is saved, posted, or reversed.

Step 3: Performing Physical Inventory Count with LI12

Performing a physical inventory count using LI12 involves the following steps:

  1. In the “Selection Criteria” section, enter the relevant parameters to filter the materials for counting. You can specify the plant, storage location, material group, or any other criteria as required.
  2. Move to the “Inventory Count” tab and enter the physical inventory count for each selected material. You can either enter the count manually or upload it from an external file.
  3. Once you have entered the counts for all materials, click on the “Save” button to save the physical inventory document.

Congratulations! You have successfully performed a physical inventory count using SAP transaction LI12.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction LI12 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your physical inventory processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Display Physical Inventory Documents: Use LI12 to display existing physical inventory documents by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past inventory counts and track any discrepancies.
  • Change Physical Inventory Documents: LI12 also enables you to modify existing physical inventory documents. You can edit fields such as the counted quantity, storage location, or other relevant details. Simply enter the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Posting Physical Inventory Documents: Once the physical inventory count is complete, you can use LI12 to post the inventory document. This updates the system stock levels and adjusts any discrepancies between the counted quantity and the system quantity.
  • Print Physical Inventory Documents: LI12 allows you to print physical inventory documents for record-keeping purposes. You can generate a physical inventory list or count sheet to facilitate the counting process.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction LI12 in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of LI12, explained how to perform a physical inventory count, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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