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SAP Transaction OVAL: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction OVAL: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction OVAL, an essential transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize OVAL for managing material valuation in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through OVAL seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we’d like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction OVAL.

What is SAP Transaction OVAL?

SAP Transaction OVAL (Material Valuation) is a crucial transaction code used in SAP MM to perform material valuation operations. It allows users to determine the value of materials in inventory based on various valuation methods, such as standard price, moving average price, or FIFO. With OVAL, you can accurately assess the worth of your materials and make informed decisions regarding inventory management and financial reporting.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction OVAL

To start using OVAL, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Valuation.”
  6. Next, choose “Material Valuation” and click on “Material Valuation Analysis” to proceed to the OVAL transaction.

Step 2: Understanding OVAL Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed OVAL, you will encounter the OVAL transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Selection Criteria: This section allows you to specify the parameters for material valuation analysis, such as plant, material, or valuation area.
  • Valuation Data: Here, you can view the valuation data for the selected material, including the valuation method, price, and quantity.
  • Price Determination: This tab displays the details of how the material price is determined based on the valuation method. It includes factors such as purchase orders, goods receipts, and price control indicators.
  • Account Assignment: The account assignment tab shows the relevant accounting information associated with the material valuation, such as general ledger (G/L) accounts and cost centers.
  • Historical Valuation: In this tab, you can view the historical valuation data for the selected material, allowing you to analyze price trends and fluctuations over time.

Step 3: Performing Material Valuation with OVAL

Material valuation is a critical operation performed using OVAL. It involves determining the value of materials in inventory. Here’s how you can perform material valuation using OVAL:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Selection Criteria” section:

    • Plant: Select the plant for which you want to perform material valuation.
    • Material: Enter the material code or use the search function to find it.
    • Valuation Area: Choose the valuation area for which you want to analyze the material valuation.

  2. Click on the “Execute” button to generate the material valuation analysis.
  3. Review the valuation data, price determination, account assignment, and historical valuation tabs to gain insights into the material’s value and its calculation.

Congratulations! You have successfully performed material valuation using SAP transaction OVAL.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction OVAL offers various additional functionalities to streamline your material valuation processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Valuation Area Configuration: OVAL allows you to configure the valuation areas in your SAP system, defining the rules and settings for material valuation. This ensures accurate and consistent valuation across different areas of your organization.
  • Price Control: OVAL enables you to set the price control indicator for materials, specifying whether the material price is determined based on the standard price or the moving average price. This feature allows you to choose the most suitable valuation method for your inventory management needs.
  • Price Update: You can use OVAL to update the material prices based on various factors, such as changes in purchase prices, exchange rates, or valuation method preferences. This ensures that your material valuations reflect the most up-to-date information.
  • Reporting and Analysis: OVAL provides reporting and analysis capabilities, allowing you to generate valuation reports, analyze price trends, and perform cost calculations. These features enable you to make informed decisions regarding material valuation and financial reporting.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction OVAL in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of OVAL, explained how to perform material valuation, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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