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SAP Transaction ME51N: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction ME51N: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction ME51N, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a detailed guide on how to effectively use ME51N to create purchase requisitions in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through ME51N seamlessly.

Before we delve into the details, we would like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction ME51N.

What is SAP Transaction ME51N?

SAP Transaction ME51N (Create Purchase Requisition) is a key transaction code used in SAP MM to create purchase requisitions. Purchase requisitions are internal documents that initiate the procurement process by requesting the purchase of materials or services. ME51N allows users to enter all the necessary details for a purchase requisition, such as the required material, quantity, delivery date, and vendor information. By using ME51N effectively, you can streamline the procurement process and ensure timely delivery of materials.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction ME51N

To start using ME51N, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Purchasing”.
  6. Next, choose “Purchase Requisition” and click on “Create” to proceed to the ME51N transaction.

Step 2: Understanding ME51N Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed ME51N, you will encounter the ME51N transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Header Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the purchase requisition, such as the requisitioner, company code, plant, and purchasing group.
  • Item Overview: Here, you can view and manage the line items of the purchase requisition. Each line item represents a particular material or service and its associated details, such as the material code, quantity, delivery date, and vendor information.
  • Document Overview: This tab provides an overview of the entire purchase requisition, including its header and item details.
  • Account Assignment: The account assignment tab allows you to specify the cost center or other relevant accounting details for the purchase requisition.
  • Attachments: In this tab, you can attach any supporting documents or files related to the purchase requisition.
  • Release Strategy: If your organization has implemented a release strategy for purchase requisitions, you can find the release strategy details in this tab.
  • Notes: The notes tab allows you to add any additional comments or instructions related to the purchase requisition.

Step 3: Creating a Purchase Requisition with ME51N

Creating a purchase requisition using ME51N is a straightforward process. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Header Data” section:

    • Requisitioner: Enter the SAP user ID of the person creating the purchase requisition.
    • Company Code: Select the appropriate company code for the requisition.
    • Plant: Choose the plant where the materials or services are required.
    • Purchasing Group: Select the relevant purchasing group responsible for the procurement.

  2. Move to the “Item Overview” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Material: Enter the material code or use the search function to find it.
    • Quantity: Specify the quantity of the required materials or services.
    • Delivery Date: Enter the date by which the materials or services are needed.
    • Vendor: If the vendor is known, enter the vendor code or use the search function to find it.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to create the purchase requisition.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a purchase requisition using SAP transaction ME51N.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction ME51N offers various additional functionalities to enhance your procurement processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Change Purchase Requisition: ME51N allows you to modify existing purchase requisitions. You can edit fields such as quantity, delivery date, vendor information, or other relevant details. Simply enter the purchase requisition number and make the necessary changes.
  • Display Purchase Requisition: Use ME51N to display existing purchase requisitions by entering the requisition number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past requisitions and track the status of the procurement process.
  • Release Purchase Requisition: If your organization has implemented a release strategy, ME51N enables you to release purchase requisitions for further processing. You can select the specific release code or release group and release the requisition accordingly.
  • Integration with Other SAP Modules: ME51N seamlessly integrates with other SAP modules, such as Materials Management (MM), Financial Accounting (FI), and Controlling (CO). This integration ensures smooth flow of information and efficient coordination between different functional areas.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a step-by-step guide on using SAP transaction ME51N in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of ME51N, explained how to create a purchase requisition, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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