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SAP Transaction FI12: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction FI12: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction FI12, a vital transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize FI12 for maintaining customer credit management in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through FI12 seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we’d like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP FI skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction FI12.

What is SAP Transaction FI12?

SAP Transaction FI12 (Change Credit Management Data) is a key transaction code used in SAP FI to maintain customer credit limits and credit management data. It allows users to create, change, and display credit management data for customers, ensuring efficient control over credit limits and monitoring of customer creditworthiness.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction FI12

To start using FI12, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Accounts Receivable.”
  6. Next, choose “Master Records” and click on “Change.”
  7. Enter the customer number for which you want to maintain credit management data and press Enter.
  8. From the customer master data screen, click on the “Credit Management” tab.
  9. Select the “Credit Control Area” and click on the “Change” button to proceed to the FI12 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding FI12 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed FI12, you will encounter the FI12 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • General Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the customer’s credit management, such as credit control area, credit limit, and payment terms.
  • Company Code Data: Here, you can view and manage the credit management data specific to a particular company code. This includes fields such as credit limit, risk category, and credit exposure.
  • Control Area Data: This tab provides an overview of the credit control area settings and parameters, such as credit check rules and credit check horizon.
  • Status: The status tab shows the current status of the customer’s credit management data, indicating whether it is active or blocked.
  • Payment History: In this tab, you can view the payment history of the customer, including details of invoices, payments, and outstanding amounts.

Step 3: Maintaining Credit Management Data with FI12

To maintain credit management data for a customer using FI12, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “General Data” section:

    • Credit Control Area: Select the appropriate credit control area for the customer.
    • Credit Limit: Enter the credit limit for the customer.
    • Payment Terms: Specify the payment terms applicable to the customer.

  2. Move to the “Company Code Data” tab and enter the following details:

    • Credit Limit: Set the credit limit specific to the company code, if applicable.
    • Risk Category: Assign a risk category to the customer based on their creditworthiness.
    • Credit Exposure: Track the customer’s credit exposure, which represents their outstanding credit utilization.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to save the credit management data.

Congratulations! You have successfully maintained credit management data using SAP transaction FI12.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction FI12 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your credit management processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Display Credit Management Data: Use FI12 to display existing credit management data for a customer by entering the customer number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review and analyze the customer’s credit history and current credit status.
  • Change Credit Management Data: FI12 also enables you to modify existing credit management data. You can edit fields such as credit limit, payment terms, or other relevant details. Simply enter the customer number and make the necessary changes.
  • Credit Checks: FI12 supports credit checks, which involve evaluating a customer’s creditworthiness before approving a sales order or credit limit increase. This feature helps mitigate credit risks and ensures timely payment collection.
  • Credit Exposure Analysis: With FI12, you can perform credit exposure analysis to assess the financial risk associated with a customer. This analysis helps in determining the credit limit, risk category, and credit terms for the customer.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction FI12 in the SAP FI module. We covered the basics of FI12, explained how to maintain credit management data, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP FI.

To further enhance your skills in SAP FI, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP FI expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP FI skills to new heights.

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