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SAP Transaction FBN1: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction FBN1: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction FBN1, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a detailed guide on how to effectively use FBN1 to create a recurring document in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner SAP user or an experienced consultant seeking a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through FBN1 with ease.

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Now, let’s begin our tutorial on how to use SAP transaction FBN1.

What is SAP Transaction FBN1?

SAP Transaction FBN1 (Create Recurring Document) is a powerful transaction code used in SAP FI to create recurring documents. Recurring documents are used to automatically generate regular postings, such as monthly rent payments or salary expenses, at predefined intervals. With FBN1, you can streamline your financial processes and ensure accurate and timely postings without manual intervention.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction FBN1

To begin using FBN1, follow these steps:

  1. Login to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Financial Accounting Global Settings”.
  6. Next, choose “Recurring Document”.
  7. Select “Create” to proceed to the FBN1 transaction.

Step 2: Creating a Recurring Document with FBN1

Once you have accessed FBN1, you will encounter the FBN1 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Document Header: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the recurring document, such as document type, posting date, and reference document.
  • Line Items: Here, you can define the line items for the recurring document. Each line item represents a specific posting in the document, such as a debit or credit entry.
  • Run Schedule: This tab allows you to define the schedule for the recurring document, specifying the intervals at which the document should be posted, such as monthly or quarterly.
  • Control Data: In this tab, you can configure additional settings for the recurring document, such as the number of periods and the end date of the posting period.
  • Status: The status tab shows the current status of the recurring document, indicating whether it is active or inactive.

Step 3: Defining Document Header and Line Items

To create a recurring document, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Document Header” section:

    • Document Type: Select the appropriate document type for the recurring document, such as “SA” for G/L accounts or “KR” for vendor invoices.
    • Posting Date: Enter the date when the recurring document should be posted.
    • Reference Document: If applicable, provide a reference document, such as a purchase order or contract number.

  2. Move to the “Line Items” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Account: Enter the G/L account or vendor/customer account to be posted.
    • Amount: Specify the amount to be posted in the line item.
    • Debit/Credit Indicator: Choose whether the line item should be posted as a debit or credit entry.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to create the recurring document.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a recurring document using SAP transaction FBN1.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction FBN1 offers various additional functionalities to enhance your financial processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Change Recurring Document: FBN1 enables you to modify existing recurring documents. You can edit fields such as posting dates, line items, or other relevant details. Simply enter the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Display Recurring Document: Use FBN1 to display existing recurring documents by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past postings and track recurring expenses or revenues.
  • Deactivate/Activate Recurring Document: FBN1 allows you to deactivate or activate recurring documents as needed. Deactivating a recurring document will prevent further postings, while activating it will resume the posting schedule.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on how to use SAP transaction FBN1 in the SAP FI module. We explained the basics of FBN1, walked you through the process of creating a recurring document, and explored additional functionalities. Continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP FI.

To further enhance your SAP skills, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, delivered by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP skills to new heights.

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