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SAP Transaction OBR1: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction OBR1: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction OBR1, an important transaction code in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a detailed guide on how to effectively use OBR1 to manage financial document types in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner SAP user or an experienced consultant looking to brush up on your skills, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through OBR1 with ease.

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Now, let’s dive into our tutorial on using SAP transaction OBR1.

What is SAP Transaction OBR1?

SAP Transaction OBR1 (Define Document Types) is a transaction code used to configure and manage document types in SAP Financial Accounting. Document types represent different types of financial documents such as invoices, credit memos, and payment documents. OBR1 allows users to define and customize document types based on their organization’s specific requirements.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction OBR1

To access OBR1, follow these steps:

  1. Login to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “General Ledger.”
  6. Next, choose “Master Data” and click on “Define Document Types” to proceed to the OBR1 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding OBR1 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed OBR1, you will see the OBR1 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Document Type: This field allows you to enter or select the document type you want to configure.
  • Description: In this field, you can provide a description for the document type.
  • Number Range: Here, you can define the number range for the document type, specifying the range of document numbers that will be assigned to documents of this type.
  • Posting Key: The posting key determines the type of posting that can be made using the document type.
  • Document Class: This field allows you to assign a document class to the document type, which helps in categorizing and organizing financial documents.
  • Field Status Group: You can assign a field status group to the document type, which controls the fields that will be displayed and editable when creating or posting documents of this type.
  • Reference Document Type: If applicable, you can specify a reference document type that will be used as a template when creating new documents of this type.

Step 3: Configuring Document Types with OBR1

To configure a document type using OBR1, follow these steps:

  1. Start by entering or selecting the document type you want to configure in the “Document Type” field.
  2. Provide a meaningful description for the document type in the “Description” field.
  3. Define the number range for the document type by clicking on the “Number Range” button. Here, you can specify the start and end numbers for the document range.
  4. Select the appropriate posting key for the document type by clicking on the “Posting Key” button. The posting key determines the debit/credit indicators and account types associated with the document type.
  5. If desired, assign a document class to the document type by clicking on the “Document Class” button. Choose a class from the available options.
  6. Assign a field status group to the document type by clicking on the “Field Status Group” button. Select a group that matches your organization’s requirements.
  7. If applicable, specify a reference document type by clicking on the “Reference Document Type” button. Choose a type that will serve as a template for new documents of this type.
  8. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to save the changes and configure the document type.

Congratulations! You have successfully configured a document type using SAP transaction OBR1.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction OBR1 offers various additional functionalities to customize and manage document types effectively. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Copy Document Types: OBR1 allows you to copy existing document types and modify them according to your organization’s requirements. This saves time and effort in configuring new document types from scratch.
  • Change Document Types: You can use OBR1 to modify existing document types. This includes changing the description, number range, posting key, document class, field status group, and reference document type.
  • Delete Document Types: In case a document type is no longer required, OBR1 enables you to delete it. However, be cautious when deleting document types as it may impact existing documents and transactions.
  • Document Type Authorization: OBR1 allows you to assign authorization levels for different document types. This ensures that only authorized users can create or post documents of specific types.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction OBR1 in the SAP Financial Accounting module. We covered the basics of OBR1, explained how to configure document types, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP FI.

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