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SAP Transaction OBC5: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction OBC5: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction OBC5, a crucial transaction code used in SAP to define tolerance groups for employees. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize OBC5 for setting tolerance limits in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through OBC5 seamlessly.

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Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction OBC5.

What is SAP Transaction OBC5?

SAP Transaction OBC5 (Define Tolerance Groups) is a transaction code used to define tolerance groups for employees in SAP. Tolerance groups determine the limits within which employees can perform financial transactions, such as posting documents or making payments. By setting up tolerance groups, organizations can ensure proper control and authorization for financial activities in their SAP system.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction OBC5

To start using OBC5, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “General Ledger.”
  6. Next, choose “Business Transactions” and click on “Tolerance Groups” to proceed to the OBC5 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding OBC5 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed OBC5, you will encounter the OBC5 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Main Parameters: This section allows you to define the main parameters for the tolerance group, such as the group name, description, and currency.
  • General Ledger Parameters: Here, you can set up the tolerance limits for general ledger accounts, including the maximum amounts for debit/credit postings and the maximum number of days for open items.
  • Vendor Parameters: This tab enables you to define tolerance limits for vendor-related transactions, such as maximum invoice amounts and payment differences.
  • Customer Parameters: Similar to vendor parameters, this tab allows you to set up tolerance limits for customer-related transactions.
  • Additional Parameters: In this tab, you can define additional tolerance limits for specific scenarios, such as cash discounts or payment terms.

Step 3: Defining Tolerance Group Parameters

To define tolerance group parameters using OBC5, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Main Parameters” section:

    • Group Name: Enter a unique name for the tolerance group.
    • Description: Provide a brief description of the tolerance group.
    • Currency: Select the currency in which the tolerance limits will be defined.

  2. Move to the relevant tabs (General Ledger, Vendor, Customer, or Additional Parameters) and enter the tolerance limits based on your organization’s requirements. For example, you can specify the maximum amount for debit postings or set a tolerance range for payment differences.
  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to save the tolerance group parameters.

Congratulations! You have successfully defined tolerance group parameters using SAP transaction OBC5.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction OBC5 offers various additional functionalities to enhance your control and authorization for financial transactions. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Tolerance Group Assignments: After defining tolerance groups in OBC5, you can assign them to employees or user roles in the SAP system. This ensures that employees have the appropriate tolerance limits for their financial activities.
  • Custom Tolerance Groups: In addition to the standard tolerance groups provided by SAP, you can create custom tolerance groups tailored to your organization’s specific requirements. This allows for greater flexibility in defining tolerance limits.
  • Tolerance Group Reports: OBC5 also provides reports that allow you to analyze and monitor tolerance group usage. These reports can help identify any deviations or issues related to tolerance limits.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction OBC5 in the SAP financial accounting module. We covered the basics of OBC5, explained how to define tolerance group parameters, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP.

To further enhance your skills in SAP, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP skills to new heights.

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