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SAP Transaction F.81: A Step-by-Step Tutorial for SAP Users

SAP Transaction F.81: A Step-by-Step Tutorial for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction F.81, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. Whether you are a young SAP consultant or an inexperienced SAP user looking to learn how to use F.81, this tutorial is here to guide you through the process. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a detailed step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize F.81 for managing statistical key figures in your SAP system.

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Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction F.81.

What is SAP Transaction F.81?

SAP Transaction F.81 is used for maintaining statistical key figures in SAP FI. Statistical key figures are non-monetary figures that are not directly involved in financial accounting but are used for analytical purposes. F.81 allows users to create, change, and display statistical key figures, helping organizations track and analyze data for decision-making and reporting.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction F.81

To start using F.81, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Special Purpose Ledger”.
  6. Next, choose “Statistical Key Figures” and click on “Maintain” to proceed to the F.81 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding F.81 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed F.81, you will encounter the F.81 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Statistical Key Figures: This tab allows you to view and manage the statistical key figures in your SAP system. You can create new key figures, change existing ones, and display their details.
  • General Data: Here, you can enter general information about the statistical key figure, such as its description, validity period, and reference currency.
  • Additional Data: This tab provides additional fields to define the behavior and properties of the statistical key figure, such as aggregation method, calculation type, and rounding rule.
  • Texts: In this tab, you can maintain language-dependent texts for the statistical key figure, providing descriptions and explanations in different languages.
  • Intervals: The intervals tab allows you to define specific intervals for the statistical key figure, specifying different values for different periods or ranges.
  • Authorization: This tab displays the authorization settings for the statistical key figure, indicating which users or user groups can access and modify it.

Step 3: Creating a Statistical Key Figure with F.81

To create a new statistical key figure using F.81, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “General Data” section:

    • Statistical Key Figure: Enter a unique identifier for the key figure.
    • Description: Provide a descriptive name for the key figure.
    • Validity Period: Specify the period during which the key figure is valid.
    • Reference Currency: Choose the currency in which the key figure values will be recorded.

  2. Move to the “Additional Data” tab and configure the desired settings, such as aggregation method, calculation type, and rounding rule.
  3. If necessary, enter language-dependent texts in the “Texts” tab to provide descriptions in different languages.
  4. Define specific intervals for the key figure in the “Intervals” tab, specifying values for different periods or ranges.
  5. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to create the statistical key figure.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a statistical key figure using SAP transaction F.81.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction F.81 offers various additional functionalities to enhance your statistical key figure management. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Change Statistical Key Figures: F.81 allows you to modify existing statistical key figures. You can edit fields such as description, validity period, and additional data settings. Simply enter the key figure identifier and make the necessary changes.
  • Display Statistical Key Figures: Use F.81 to display existing statistical key figures by entering the key figure identifier. This allows you to review the details and properties of the key figures.
  • Delete Statistical Key Figures: If a statistical key figure is no longer needed, F.81 enables you to delete it. Be cautious when deleting key figures, as it may impact data analysis and reporting.
  • Authorization Control: F.81 allows you to manage the authorization settings for statistical key figures, ensuring that only authorized users can access and modify them.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction F.81 in the SAP FI module. We covered the basics of F.81, explained how to create a statistical key figure, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP FI.

To further enhance your skills in SAP, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP skills to new heights.

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