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SAP Transaction OVAU: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction OVAU: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction OVAU, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively use OVAU for managing sales document types in your SAP system. Whether you are a new SAP user or an experienced consultant seeking a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through OVAU seamlessly.

Before we delve into the details, we would like to introduce you to an invaluable resource that can enhance your SAP SD skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP SD online video training offered by our expert SAP SD consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP SD and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction OVAU.

What is SAP Transaction OVAU?

SAP Transaction OVAU (Sales Document Types) is a critical transaction code used in SAP SD to configure and manage sales document types. Sales document types are used to differentiate various sales transactions, such as sales orders, quotations, and contracts. OVAU allows users to define and customize the behavior of sales document types, including their numbering, partner determination, and document flow. With OVAU, you can effectively manage and control your sales processes to meet your organization’s specific requirements.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction OVAU

To start using OVAU, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Sales and Distribution” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Sales” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Sales Documents” and then choose “Sales Document Headers”.
  6. Next, click on “Define Sales Document Types” to proceed to the OVAU transaction.

Step 2: Understanding OVAU Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed OVAU, you will encounter the OVAU transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Document Type: This field displays the available sales document types in your SAP system.
  • General Data: Here, you can view and modify the general settings for the selected sales document type, such as the number range, partner procedures, and document flow.
  • Item Categories: This tab allows you to define item categories for the selected sales document type. Item categories determine how items are processed in sales documents, such as whether they are relevant for pricing, delivery, or billing.
  • Account Assignment: In this tab, you can configure the account assignment settings for the selected sales document type, such as revenue account determination and cost of goods sold account determination.
  • Texts: The texts tab enables you to define and manage text types for the selected sales document type. Texts can be used to provide additional information or instructions in sales documents.
  • Additional Data: Here, you can find any additional custom fields specific to your organization’s requirements for the selected sales document type.
  • Copy Control: The copy control tab allows you to define the copying rules for the selected sales document type. Copy control determines which data is copied from one sales document to another during document creation or modification.

Step 3: Customizing Sales Document Types with OVAU

Customizing sales document types is a fundamental task performed using OVAU. It involves configuring the settings and behaviors of sales document types to align with your organization’s requirements. Here’s how you can customize sales document types using OVAU:

  1. Start by selecting the desired sales document type from the “Document Type” field.
  2. Move to the relevant tab (e.g., General Data, Item Categories, Account Assignment) to customize the corresponding settings.
  3. For example, in the General Data tab, you can define the number range for the sales document type by specifying the lowest and highest document numbers. You can also configure partner determination and document flow by assigning the appropriate partner procedures and document types.
  4. Once you have made the necessary changes, click on the “Save” button to save the customizations for the sales document type.

Congratulations! You have successfully customized a sales document type using SAP transaction OVAU.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction OVAU offers various additional functionalities to streamline your sales processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Create New Sales Document Types: OVAU allows you to create new sales document types from scratch. You can define the settings and behaviors of the new document types based on your organization’s specific requirements.
  • Copy Sales Document Types: OVAU enables you to copy existing sales document types and modify them as needed. This feature saves time and effort by leveraging the configurations of existing document types.
  • Change Sales Document Types: OVAU also allows you to modify existing sales document types. You can update settings such as number range, partner determination, item categories, and document flow to adapt to evolving business needs.
  • Delete Sales Document Types: If a sales document type is no longer required, OVAU enables you to delete it. However, exercise caution as this action cannot be undone, and it may have implications on existing sales documents.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction OVAU in the SAP SD module. We covered the basics of OVAU, explained how to customize sales document types, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP SD.

To further enhance your skills in SAP SD, we highly recommend our SAP SD online video training, designed by our expert SAP SD consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP SD expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP SD skills to new heights.

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