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SAP Transaction OBY2: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction OBY2: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction OBY2, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a detailed guide on how to effectively use OBY2 to maintain company code global settings in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner SAP user or an experienced consultant, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through OBY2 with ease.

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Now, let’s dive into our tutorial on using SAP transaction OBY2.

What is SAP Transaction OBY2?

SAP Transaction OBY2 (Company Code Global Parameters) is a transaction code used in SAP FI to define and maintain global settings for company codes. It allows users to configure parameters that apply to multiple company codes, such as automatic postings, field status variants, and document types. With OBY2, you can streamline financial processes and ensure consistency across your organization’s financial data.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction OBY2

To start using OBY2, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Financial Accounting Global Settings.”
  6. Next, choose “Document” and click on “Company Code Global Parameters” to proceed to the OBY2 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding OBY2 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed OBY2, you will encounter the OBY2 transaction screen, which consists of various tabs and fields. Let’s explore each of them:

  • General Data: This tab contains the main fields for entering general information about the company code, such as the company code itself, chart of accounts, and fiscal year variant.
  • Posting Periods: Here, you can define the posting periods for the company code, specifying the start and end dates for each period.
  • Field Status: This tab allows you to configure the field status variant, which determines the mandatory, optional, and hidden fields during financial postings.
  • Tolerance Groups: In this tab, you can define tolerance groups for employees who are responsible for financial postings. Tolerance groups control the maximum permissible deviations from defined limits.
  • Document Types: Here, you can configure document types, which define the nature of financial transactions and control the document numbering and posting procedures.
  • Number Ranges: This tab enables you to define number ranges for document types, ensuring unique document numbers for each financial transaction.
  • Document Splitting: If you are using document splitting in your organization, this tab allows you to configure the rules and settings for splitting financial documents.

Step 3: Maintaining Company Code Global Parameters

To maintain company code global parameters using OBY2, follow these steps:

  1. Start by navigating to the desired tab based on the settings you want to configure (e.g., General Data, Posting Periods, Field Status, etc.).
  2. Enter the necessary information in the corresponding fields. For example, in the General Data tab, you would enter the company code, chart of accounts, and fiscal year variant.
  3. Make any additional configurations or adjustments based on your organization’s requirements. This may include defining posting periods, setting field status variants, assigning tolerance groups, configuring document types, defining number ranges, or setting up document splitting rules, depending on the tab you are working on.
  4. Once you have completed the necessary configurations, click on the “Save” button to save your changes.

Congratulations! You have successfully maintained company code global parameters using SAP transaction OBY2.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction OBY2 offers various additional functionalities to enhance your financial management processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Validation and Substitution: OBY2 allows you to define validation and substitution rules to ensure data integrity and accuracy in financial postings. These rules can be based on specific conditions or combinations of fields.
  • Document Reversal: If you need to reverse a posted document, OBY2 provides the option to reverse documents based on predefined settings. This helps in correcting errors or adjusting financial entries.
  • Automatic Account Assignment: OBY2 enables you to define automatic account assignment based on predefined rules. This streamlines financial postings by automatically determining the appropriate general ledger (G/L) accounts based on transaction details.
  • Document Parking: If you need to temporarily save a financial document without posting it, OBY2 allows you to park documents. This is useful when you require additional approvals or review before finalizing the posting.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction OBY2 in the SAP FI module. We covered the basics of OBY2, explained how to maintain company code global parameters, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP.

To further enhance your skills in SAP, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP skills to new heights.

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