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SAP Transaction ME21N: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction ME21N: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction ME21N, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of using ME21N to create purchase orders in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will provide you with the necessary knowledge to utilize ME21N effectively.

Before we proceed, we would like to introduce you to an excellent resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction ME21N.

What is SAP Transaction ME21N?

SAP Transaction ME21N (Create Purchase Order) is a critical transaction code used in SAP MM to create purchase orders. It allows users to enter all the necessary details for a purchase order, such as vendor information, material requirements, quantity, and delivery dates. ME21N ensures efficient and accurate processing of purchase orders within your organization.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction ME21N

To start using ME21N, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Purchasing”.
  6. Next, choose “Purchase Order” and click on “Create” to proceed to the ME21N transaction.

Step 2: Understanding ME21N Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed ME21N, you will encounter the ME21N transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Header Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the purchase order, such as vendor, purchasing organization, and delivery date.
  • Item Overview: Here, you can view and manage the line items of the purchase order. Each line item represents a particular material, quantity, and other relevant details.
  • Delivery Schedule: This tab allows you to specify the delivery schedule for each line item, including the delivery dates and quantities.
  • Account Assignment: The account assignment tab is used to assign the purchase order to specific cost centers, internal orders, or other relevant accounting entities.
  • Texts: In this tab, you can add any additional texts or comments related to the purchase order.
  • Attachments: If necessary, you can attach relevant documents or files to the purchase order using the attachments tab.
  • Release Strategy: The release strategy tab is used when purchase orders require multiple levels of approval. It allows you to define the approval workflow based on specific criteria.
  • Conditions: The conditions tab displays the pricing conditions for the purchase order, such as discounts, taxes, and surcharges.

Step 3: Creating a Purchase Order with ME21N

To create a purchase order using ME21N, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Header Data” section:

    • Vendor: Enter the vendor code or use the search function to find it.
    • Purchasing Organization: Select the relevant purchasing organization for the purchase order.
    • Delivery Date: Specify the desired delivery date for the materials.
    • Document Type: Choose the appropriate document type, such as standard purchase order or subcontracting purchase order.

  2. Move to the “Item Overview” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Material: Enter the material code or use the search function to find it.
    • Quantity: Specify the quantity of materials required.
    • Delivery Date: Enter the desired delivery date for the specific line item.
    • Account Assignment Category: If applicable, select the appropriate account assignment category, such as cost center or internal order.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to create the purchase order.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a purchase order using SAP transaction ME21N.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction ME21N offers various additional functionalities to streamline your purchasing processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Change Purchase Orders: ME21N allows you to modify existing purchase orders. You can edit fields such as quantity, delivery date, or vendor information. Simply retrieve the purchase order using the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Display Purchase Orders: Use ME21N to display existing purchase orders by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past orders and access important information, such as vendor details and order status.
  • Release Purchase Orders: If your organization has a release strategy in place, ME21N enables you to release purchase orders for further processing. You can initiate the release process based on the predefined approval workflow.
  • Copy Purchase Orders: ME21N allows you to copy existing purchase orders, saving time and effort when creating similar orders. Simply select the source purchase order and specify the necessary changes, such as quantity or delivery date.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction ME21N in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of ME21N, explained how to create purchase orders, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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