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SAP Transaction ME21: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction ME21: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction ME21, an essential transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize ME21 for creating purchase orders in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through ME21 seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we’d like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction ME21.

What is SAP Transaction ME21?

SAP Transaction ME21 (Create Purchase Order) is a crucial transaction code used in SAP MM to create purchase orders. It enables users to enter all the necessary details for procuring materials or services from external vendors. With ME21, you can efficiently manage the entire purchase order creation process, ensuring accurate and timely procurement.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction ME21

To start using ME21, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Purchasing” and choose “Purchase Order.”
  6. Next, click on “Create” to proceed to the ME21 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding ME21 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed ME21, you will encounter the ME21 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Header Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the purchase order, such as vendor, purchasing organization, and document type.
  • Item Overview: Here, you can view and manage the line items of the purchase order. Each line item represents a particular material or service and its associated quantity, price, and other relevant details.
  • Document Overview: This tab provides an overview of the entire purchase order, including its header and item details.
  • Account Assignment: The account assignment tab allows you to assign costs to specific cost centers, internal orders, or other controlling objects.
  • Delivery Address: In this tab, you can specify the delivery address for the materials or services being procured.
  • Texts: The texts tab enables you to add any additional text or comments related to the purchase order.
  • Attachments: Here, you can attach any relevant documents or files to the purchase order.

Step 3: Creating a Purchase Order with ME21

To create a purchase order using ME21, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Header Data” section:

    • Vendor: Enter the vendor code or use the search function to find it.
    • Purchasing Organization: Select the relevant purchasing organization responsible for the procurement.
    • Document Type: Choose the appropriate document type for the purchase order, such as standard, framework agreement, or service.

  2. Move to the “Item Overview” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Material or Service: Enter the material code or service description.
    • Quantity: Specify the quantity of the materials or services being procured.
    • Price: Enter the unit price for each material or service.
    • Delivery Date: Provide the expected delivery date for the materials or services.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to create the purchase order.

Congratulations! You have successfully created a purchase order using SAP transaction ME21.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction ME21 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your procurement processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Change Purchase Orders: ME21 allows you to modify existing purchase orders. You can edit fields such as quantities, prices, delivery dates, or other relevant details. Simply enter the purchase order number and make the necessary changes.
  • Display Purchase Orders: Use ME21 to display existing purchase orders by entering the purchase order number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past orders and track the procurement of materials or services.
  • Release Purchase Orders: ME21 enables you to release purchase orders for further processing. This step ensures that the order is approved and can proceed to the next stages of the procurement process.
  • Copy Purchase Orders: ME21 allows you to copy existing purchase orders, saving time and effort when creating similar orders. You can copy the entire order or specific line items, making necessary adjustments as required.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction ME21 in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of ME21, explained how to create a purchase order, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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