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SAP Transaction MDBT: A Step-by-Step Tutorial for SAP Users

SAP Transaction MDBT: A Step-by-Step Tutorial for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction MDBT, an important transaction code used in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of using MDBT to manage batch determination in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will provide you with detailed instructions and examples to help you effectively utilize MDBT.

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What is SAP Transaction MDBT?

SAP Transaction MDBT (Batch Determination) is a transaction code used in SAP MM to determine the batch for a material during goods receipt or goods issue. Batch determination ensures that materials with specific characteristics, such as expiration date or quality information, are selected and assigned to the appropriate documents. MDBT allows users to define and manage batch determination procedures, making it easier to track and control batches in the system.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction MDBT

Follow these steps to access MDBT:

  1. Login to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Select the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. Click on “Inventory Management” from the sub-menu.
  6. Next, choose “Batch Management” and click on “Batch Determination” to proceed to the MDBT transaction.

Step 2: Understanding MDBT Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed MDBT, you will see the MDBT transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Batch Determination Procedure: This field allows you to select the batch determination procedure that defines the rules for batch determination.
  • Selection ID: Here, you can enter a selection ID to filter materials based on specific criteria, such as material type, plant, or storage location.
  • Batch Search Strategy: This tab displays the search strategy used to determine the batch for a material. It defines the sequence of checks and conditions to find the appropriate batch.
  • Batch Determination Log: The log tab provides information about the batch determination process, including any errors or warnings encountered.

Step 3: Configuring Batch Determination Procedure

Before using MDBT for batch determination, you need to configure the batch determination procedure. Follow these steps:

  1. Go to the “Batch Management” folder in the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  2. Select “Batch Determination” and click on “Batch Determination Procedure.”
  3. Choose the relevant procedure and click on “Change” to modify it.
  4. Add the necessary search steps and conditions to define the batch determination process.
  5. Save your changes and exit the configuration screen.

Step 4: Performing Batch Determination with MDBT

Now that you have configured the batch determination procedure, you can use MDBT to determine the batch during goods receipt or goods issue. Here’s how:

  1. Start by entering the required information in the fields provided, such as the batch determination procedure and selection ID.
  2. Click on the “Batch Search Strategy” tab to view and validate the search strategy used for batch determination.
  3. If necessary, make any adjustments to the search strategy to ensure accurate batch determination.
  4. Once you are satisfied with the configuration, click on the “Execute” button to perform the batch determination process.
  5. Review the batch determination log to check for any errors or warnings. Address any issues that may arise.
  6. Save the batch determination results and proceed with the goods receipt or goods issue process.

Congratulations! You have successfully performed batch determination using SAP transaction MDBT.

Step 5: Exploring Additional Functionality

In addition to batch determination, MDBT offers additional functionalities to enhance your material management processes. Here are some notable features:

  • Batch Display: Use MDBT to display existing batches by entering relevant criteria, such as material number or batch number. This allows you to review batch details and track batch movement within your organization.
  • Batch Change: MDBT enables you to modify existing batches if necessary. You can change attributes such as expiration date, quality information, or other relevant details. Simply enter the batch number and make the necessary changes.
  • Batch Split: If a batch needs to be split into multiple sub-batches, MDBT provides the functionality to perform batch splitting. This allows for better inventory tracking and management of materials with varying characteristics.
  • Batch Merge: On the other hand, if multiple batches need to be merged into a single batch, MDBT supports batch merging. This simplifies batch management and ensures accurate inventory control.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction MDBT in the SAP MM module. We explained the purpose of MDBT, outlined the steps to access and understand the transaction screen, and walked you through the process of configuring and performing batch determination. We also highlighted additional functionalities available in MDBT to optimize your material management processes.

To further enhance your SAP MM skills and become an expert in the field, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training. Delivered by an experienced SAP MM consultant, this training program covers all aspects of SAP MM and provides hands-on exercises to reinforce your learning. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more about this training and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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