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SAP Transaction F-48: A Detailed Tutorial for SAP Users

SAP Transaction F-48: A Detailed Tutorial for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction F-48, an important transaction code used in SAP for clearing vendor invoices. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize F-48 to clear vendor open items in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced SAP consultant, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to efficiently manage vendor invoices using F-48.

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Now, let’s dive into our tutorial on using SAP transaction F-48.

What is SAP Transaction F-48?

SAP Transaction F-48 (Post Vendor Credit Memos) is a transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module to clear open items related to vendor credit memos. It allows users to post credit memos received from vendors and automatically clear them against open items in the vendor account. With F-48, you can efficiently manage vendor invoices, ensuring accurate accounting and financial reporting.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction F-48

To start using F-48, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Accounts Payable” and then “Document Entry”.
  6. Next, choose “Credit Memo” and click on “Post with Reference” to proceed to the F-48 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding F-48 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed F-48, you will encounter the F-48 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Header Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the credit memo, such as document type, posting date, and reference document.
  • Item Overview: Here, you can view and manage the line items of the credit memo. Each line item represents a particular credit memo and its associated amount.
  • Document Overview: This tab provides an overview of the entire credit memo document, including its header and item details.
  • Accounting: The accounting tab displays the accounting-related information for the credit memo, such as the general ledger (G/L) accounts and cost centers involved.
  • Tax: If applicable, the tax tab allows you to enter tax-related information for the credit memo.
  • Custom Fields: In this tab, you can find any additional custom fields specific to your organization’s requirements.
  • Payment Block: The payment block tab allows you to set a payment block for the credit memo, if required.

Step 3: Posting Vendor Credit Memos with F-48

To post a vendor credit memo using F-48, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Header Data” section:

    • Document Type: Select the appropriate document type for the credit memo.
    • Posting Date: Enter the date when the credit memo is being recorded.
    • Reference Document: If applicable, provide a reference document, such as a purchase order number or invoice number.

  2. Move to the “Item Overview” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Vendor: Enter the vendor code or use the search function to find it.
    • Amount: Specify the amount of the credit memo.
    • Posting Key: Select the appropriate posting key for the credit memo.
    • Account: Choose the G/L account to be credited for the credit memo.

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to post the vendor credit memo.

Congratulations! You have successfully posted a vendor credit memo using SAP transaction F-48.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction F-48 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your vendor invoice management processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Display Vendor Credit Memos: Use F-48 to display existing vendor credit memos by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past transactions and track the status of credit memos.
  • Change Vendor Credit Memos: F-48 also enables you to modify existing vendor credit memos. You can edit fields such as the amount, G/L account, or other relevant details. Simply enter the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Clear Vendor Open Items: In addition to posting credit memos, F-48 allows you to clear open items in the vendor account. This feature ensures accurate accounting and reconciliation of vendor balances.
  • Generate Accounting Documents: F-48 can generate accounting documents for vendor credit memos, providing a comprehensive record of financial transactions.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction F-48 in the SAP Financial Accounting module. We covered the basics of F-48, explained how to post vendor credit memos, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP.

To further enhance your skills in SAP, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP skills to new heights.

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