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SAP Transaction F-47: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction F-47: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction F-47, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize F-47 for clearing customer open items in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through F-47 seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we would like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP FI skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP FI and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction F-47.

What is SAP Transaction F-47?

SAP Transaction F-47 (Clear Customer) is a vital transaction code used in SAP FI to clear customer open items. It allows users to match and offset open items between customer accounts, ensuring accurate accounting and financial reporting. With F-47, you can seamlessly manage the clearing process, improving cash flow and reducing outstanding customer balances.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction F-47

To start using F-47, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Accounts Receivable.”
  6. Next, choose “Document Entry” and click on “Clear Customer” to proceed to the F-47 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding F-47 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed F-47, you will encounter the F-47 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Customer Selection: This section allows you to select the customer for whom you want to clear open items. You can search for the customer using various criteria, such as customer number, name, or other relevant details.
  • Open Items: Here, you can view the open items associated with the selected customer. Open items are unpaid invoices or credit memos that need to be cleared.
  • Clearing Document: This tab displays the clearing document, which shows the offsetting entries for the selected open items. It includes details such as the document number, posting date, and amount.
  • Accounting: The accounting tab displays the accounting-related information for the clearing document, such as the general ledger (G/L) accounts involved and the clearing date.
  • Custom Fields: In this tab, you can find any additional custom fields specific to your organization’s requirements.
  • Status: The status tab shows the current status of the clearing document, indicating whether it is saved, posted, or reversed.

Step 3: Performing Customer Clearing with F-47

Customer clearing is a common operation performed using F-47. It involves matching and offsetting open items between customer accounts. Here’s how you can perform customer clearing using F-47:

  1. Start by selecting the customer for whom you want to clear open items in the “Customer Selection” section. You can search for the customer by entering the customer number or using other search criteria.
  2. Once you have selected the customer, the open items associated with the customer will be displayed in the “Open Items” section. Review the open items and select the ones you want to clear.
  3. Move to the “Clearing Document” tab and enter the necessary details for the clearing document, such as the posting date and the offsetting entries for the selected open items.
  4. In the “Accounting” tab, review the accounting-related information for the clearing document, such as the G/L accounts involved in the clearing process.
  5. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to save the clearing document.

Congratulations! You have successfully performed customer clearing using SAP transaction F-47.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction F-47 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your customer clearing processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Display Cleared Items: Use F-47 to display cleared items by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past clearing transactions and track the offsetting entries for open items.
  • Change Cleared Items: F-47 also enables you to modify cleared items. You can edit fields such as the clearing date or other relevant details. Simply enter the document number of the clearing document and make the necessary changes.
  • Reverse Clearing: If needed, you can use F-47 to reverse a clearing document. This allows you to undo the offsetting entries and reinstate the open items.
  • Partial Clearing: In some cases, you may only want to partially clear open items. F-47 allows you to specify the amount to be cleared for each open item, providing flexibility in the clearing process.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction F-47 in the SAP FI module. We covered the basics of F-47, explained how to perform customer clearing, and explored additional functionalities. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP FI.

To further enhance your skills in SAP FI, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP FI expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP FI skills to new heights.

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