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SAP Transaction F-43: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction F-43: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction F-43, a crucial transaction code used in SAP Financial Accounting (FI) module. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of using F-43 to post a vendor invoice in your SAP system. Whether you are an inexperienced SAP user or a seasoned consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to effectively utilize F-43.

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Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction F-43.

What is SAP Transaction F-43?

SAP Transaction F-43 (Enter Vendor Invoice) is a widely used transaction code in SAP FI for posting vendor invoices. It allows users to record and process invoices received from vendors, ensuring accurate financial management and streamlined accounts payable processes.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction F-43

To start using F-43, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Accounting” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Financial Accounting” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Accounts Payable.”
  6. Next, choose “Document Entry” and click on “Vendor Invoice” to proceed to the F-43 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding F-43 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed F-43, you will encounter the F-43 transaction screen, consisting of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Header Data: This section contains the main fields for entering general information about the vendor invoice, such as company code, posting date, and document type.
  • Item Overview: Here, you can view and manage the line items of the vendor invoice. Each line item represents a particular invoice item, including the vendor, material, quantity, and amount.
  • Document Overview: This tab provides an overview of the entire vendor invoice, including its header and item details.
  • Accounting: The accounting tab displays the accounting-related information for the vendor invoice, such as general ledger (G/L) accounts, cost centers, and profit centers.
  • Custom Fields: In this tab, you can find any additional custom fields specific to your organization’s requirements.
  • Attachments: The attachments tab allows you to attach relevant documents, such as invoices or receipts, to the vendor invoice for reference.

Step 3: Posting a Vendor Invoice with F-43

Now, let’s walk through the process of posting a vendor invoice using F-43:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Header Data” section:

    • Company Code: Select the appropriate company code for the vendor invoice.
    • Posting Date: Enter the date when the vendor invoice is being recorded.
    • Document Type: Choose the relevant document type for the vendor invoice, such as “Invoice” or “Credit Memo.”
    • Reference: If applicable, provide a reference for the vendor invoice, such as a purchase order number or invoice number.

  2. Move to the “Item Overview” tab and enter the following details for each line item:

    • Vendor: Enter the vendor code or use the search function to find it.
    • Invoice Date: Specify the date of the vendor invoice.
    • Amount: Enter the total amount of the invoice item.
    • Account Assignment: Select the appropriate account assignment category, such as “Cost Center” or “General Ledger Account.”

  3. Once you have entered all the necessary information, click on the “Save” button to save the vendor invoice.

Congratulations! You have successfully posted a vendor invoice using SAP transaction F-43.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction F-43 offers various additional functionalities to streamline your accounts payable processes. Here are some notable features you can leverage:

  • Display Vendor Invoices: Use F-43 to display existing vendor invoices by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past transactions and access invoice details.
  • Reverse Vendor Invoices: F-43 enables you to reverse posted vendor invoices if required. Simply enter the document number of the invoice you wish to reverse and follow the reversal process.
  • Change Vendor Invoices: You can also make changes to existing vendor invoices using F-43. This includes modifying fields such as amounts, account assignments, or other relevant details. Enter the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Invoice Parking: F-43 allows you to park vendor invoices, which temporarily saves them without posting. This feature is useful for reviewing and validating invoices before final posting.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction F-43 in the SAP FI module. We covered the basics of F-43, explained how to post a vendor invoice, and explored additional functionalities. Continuous learning and practice are essential for mastering SAP and becoming proficient in SAP FI.

To further enhance your skills in SAP, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and unlock your potential in SAP MM.

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