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SAP Transaction LI05: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction LI05: A Step-by-Step Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction LI05, a useful transaction code in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a detailed guide on how to effectively use LI05 to perform physical inventory counts in your SAP system. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced SAP consultant, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through LI05 with ease.

Before we delve into the details, we would like to introduce you to an exceptional resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out our SAP MM online video training, presented by an expert SAP MM consultant. This training program, available at roadtoexpert.com, provides comprehensive modules and practical exercises to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and advance your career.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction LI05.

What is SAP Transaction LI05?

SAP Transaction LI05 (Inventory Count) is a transaction code used in SAP MM to perform physical inventory counts. It allows users to enter and update inventory count data, ensuring accurate stock levels in the system. With LI05, you can effectively manage your physical inventory processes and reconcile any discrepancies between the physical stock and the system stock.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction LI05

To start using LI05, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Physical Inventory.”
  6. Next, choose “Inventory Count” to proceed to the LI05 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding LI05 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed LI05, you will encounter the LI05 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Selection Criteria: This section allows you to define the selection criteria for the inventory count, such as storage location, material, or batch. You can enter specific values or use the search function to find the desired items.
  • Count Data: Here, you can enter the physical inventory count for each selected item. The count data includes the stock quantity, counted quantity, and any discrepancies identified.
  • Document Overview: This tab provides an overview of the entire inventory count document, including the selected items and their count data.
  • Posting: The posting tab allows you to post the inventory count results, updating the system stock accordingly. You can choose to post the count as an adjustment, overwrite the system stock, or perform a recount.
  • Custom Fields: In this tab, you can find any additional custom fields specific to your organization’s requirements.
  • Status: The status tab shows the current status of the inventory count document, indicating whether it is saved, posted, or reversed.

Step 3: Performing Inventory Count with LI05

To perform an inventory count using LI05, follow these steps:

  1. Start by defining the selection criteria in the “Selection Criteria” section:

    • Storage Location: Enter the storage location where the inventory count will take place.
    • Material: Specify the material for which you want to perform the inventory count.
    • Batch: If applicable, enter the batch number for the material.

  2. Move to the “Count Data” tab and enter the physical inventory count for each selected item:

    • Stock Quantity: View the current stock quantity in the system.
    • Counted Quantity: Enter the actual physical count for the item.
    • Discrepancy: If there is any discrepancy between the system stock and the physical count, enter the difference here.

  3. Once you have entered the count data for all selected items, review the “Document Overview” tab to ensure accuracy.
  4. If everything is correct, proceed to the “Posting” tab and choose the appropriate posting option based on your requirements.
  5. Click on the “Save” button to save the inventory count document.

Congratulations! You have successfully performed an inventory count using SAP transaction LI05.

Step 4: Exploring Additional Functionality

SAP transaction LI05 offers additional features to enhance your inventory management processes. Here are some notable functionalities:

  • Display Inventory Count Documents: Use LI05 to display existing inventory count documents by entering the document number and other relevant criteria. This allows you to review past inventory counts and track any discrepancies.
  • Change Inventory Count Documents: LI05 also enables you to modify existing inventory count documents. You can edit fields such as counted quantity, discrepancy, or other relevant details. Simply enter the document number and make the necessary changes.
  • Recount: If required, you can initiate a recount for specific items or the entire inventory count document using LI05. This ensures accuracy in stock levels and helps resolve any discrepancies.
  • Posting Adjustments: LI05 allows you to post inventory count adjustments, updating the system stock accordingly. This ensures that the physical stock matches the system stock and helps maintain accurate inventory records.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction LI05 in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of LI05, explained how to perform an inventory count, and explored additional functionalities. Continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, delivered by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and elevate your SAP MM skills.

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