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SAP Transaction MB51: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

SAP Transaction MB51: A Comprehensive Guide for SAP Users

Welcome to our tutorial on SAP transaction MB51, a widely used transaction code in SAP Materials Management (MM) module. In this tutorial, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to effectively utilize MB51 for material document list generation and analysis in your SAP system. Whether you are a novice SAP user or an experienced consultant looking for a refresher, this tutorial will equip you with the necessary knowledge to navigate through MB51 seamlessly.

Before we dive into the details, we’d like to introduce you to a valuable resource that can enhance your SAP MM skills and help you become an expert in the field. Check out the SAP MM online video training offered by our expert SAP MM consultant, available at roadtoexpert.com. This comprehensive training program will provide you with in-depth knowledge and practical insights to boost your proficiency in SAP MM and accelerate your career growth.

Now, let’s begin our tutorial on using SAP transaction MB51.

What is SAP Transaction MB51?

SAP Transaction MB51 (Material Document List) is a crucial transaction code used in SAP MM to generate and analyze material document lists based on various criteria. It allows users to filter and display material documents, which record all movements of goods within an organization, according to specific parameters. With MB51, you can easily retrieve and analyze data related to goods movement, helping you make informed decisions and maintain accurate inventory records.

Step 1: Accessing SAP Transaction MB51

To start using MB51, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your SAP system using your user ID and password.
  2. Launch the SAP Easy Access Menu.
  3. Navigate to the “Logistics” folder and expand it.
  4. Locate and click on the “Materials Management” folder.
  5. From the sub-menu, select “Inventory Management”.
  6. Next, choose “Material Documents” and click on “Display Material Document” to proceed to the MB51 transaction.

Step 2: Understanding MB51 Transaction Screen

Once you have accessed MB51, you will encounter the MB51 transaction screen, which consists of various fields and tabs. Let’s explore each of them:

  • Selection Criteria: This section allows you to specify the criteria for filtering the material document list. You can define parameters such as posting date, material, movement type, plant, and more.
  • Output: Here, you can customize the layout and content of the material document list. You can choose which fields to display, arrange them in a specific order, and even save your layout for future use.
  • Execution: This tab displays the actual material document list based on the selected criteria and layout. You can navigate through the list, sort columns, and perform further analysis if needed.

Step 3: Generating Material Document List with MB51

To generate a material document list using MB51, follow these steps:

  1. Start by filling in the necessary fields in the “Selection Criteria” section:

    • Posting Date: Enter the desired posting date or date range for the material documents.
    • Material: If you want to filter the list by a specific material, enter its code here.
    • Movement Type: Specify the movement type to narrow down the list based on specific types of goods movements.
    • Plant: Select the plant for which you want to generate the material document list.

  2. Move to the “Output” tab and customize the layout of the material document list:

    • Fields: Select the fields you want to display in the material document list. You can choose from a wide range of available fields.
    • Order: Arrange the selected fields in a desired order by moving them up or down.
    • Save Layout: If you frequently use a specific layout, you can save it for future use.

  3. Once you have entered the selection criteria and customized the output layout, click on the “Execute” button to generate the material document list.

Congratulations! You have successfully generated a material document list using SAP transaction MB51.

Step 4: Analyzing Material Document List

The material document list generated by MB51 can be analyzed and further manipulated to gain valuable insights. Here are some key functionalities you can leverage:

  • Sorting: You can sort the material document list based on any column by simply clicking on the column header. This allows you to organize the data in a desired order for better analysis.
  • Filtering: Use the filter option to narrow down the material document list based on specific values or patterns. This helps you focus on relevant data and extract meaningful information.
  • Exporting: MB51 allows you to export the material document list to various formats, such as Excel or PDF. This enables you to share the data with others or perform further analysis using external tools.
  • Drill-Down: By double-clicking on a specific material document in the list, you can access detailed information about that document, including its line items and associated data. This drill-down functionality helps you investigate specific transactions in depth.


In this tutorial, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on using SAP transaction MB51 in the SAP MM module. We covered the basics of MB51, explained how to generate a material document list, and explored key functionalities for analysis. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to becoming proficient in SAP MM.

To further enhance your skills in SAP MM, we highly recommend our SAP MM online video training, designed by our expert SAP MM consultant. This training program offers comprehensive modules and hands-on exercises to help you become an SAP MM expert. Visit roadtoexpert.com to learn more and take your SAP MM skills to new heights.

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